Study Finds Spice-Rich Marinades Can Reduce Harmful Compounds When Grilling
McCormick Has Flavorful Marinades Offer Easy Ways to Enjoy Antioxidant Benefits of Spices and Herbs
HUNT VALLEY, MD â€“ Marinating that steak before tossing it on the grill may offer a whole lot more than just increased flavor. Antioxidant-rich spice and herb marinades may actually decrease the formation of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) â€“ potentially cancer-causing compounds often produced in meat cooked at high temperatures â€“ by up to 88 percent, according to a new study in the August issue of the Journal of Food Science1.
Simulating typical home cooking conditions, researchers from Kansas State University immersed steaks for one hour in marinades prepared from three varieties (Caribbean, Southwest and Herb) of pre-packaged marinade mixes. These steaks, as well as non-marinated steaks and steaks in non-spice marinades, were then grilled at 400 degrees Fahrenheit for five minutes per side. After grilling, researchers compared levels of HCAs in all steaks and found substantial decreases in HCAs in the steaks marinated with antioxidant-rich spices and herbs.
“When the various steaks grilled in the study were compared, it was clear that the spice and herb marinades were responsible for the most dramatic reduction in HCAs,” said Hamed Faridi, PhD, Vice President of Research & Development for McCormick & Company, Inc. “These results are attributed to the antioxidant-rich qualities of the spices and herbs.”
Pre-packaged spice and herb marinade mixes like McCormickÂ® Grill MatesÂ® make it easy and convenient to add flavor and protective health benefits to this summerâ€™s cookouts. The Grill Mates line-up offers pre-mixed simplicity with favorite flavor combinations like Southwest, Zesty Herb, Mesquite and more. Visit www.grillmates.com to learn more.
For those who prefer to create their own antioxidant-rich marinades from scratch, McCormick has identified key spices and herbs with the highest antioxidant capacity. These “Super Spices” are: cinnamon, oregano, red pepper, ginger, rosemary, thyme, and yellow curry. Did you know that just a half teaspoon of dried oregano packs about the same antioxidant power as a quarter cup of almonds or almost four cups of fresh spinach?2
To begin enjoying healthful homemade marinades, simply mix up a quick blend of antioxidant-rich spices and herbs, then add a few simple ingredients â€“ including other antioxidant superstars like green tea or pomegranate juice â€“ and youâ€™re just minutes away from six deliciously different marinades, each bursting with flavor and antioxidants. “Encouraging Americans to grill with spice and herb marinades may be one more nutritious way we can help promote good health â€“ in a way thatâ€™s both easy and delicious,” said nutrition expert Wendy Bazilian, DrPH, RD, author of the newest edition of The SuperFoodsRxâ„¢ series, The SuperFoodsRx Diet: Lose Weight with the Power of SuperNutrients (Rodale, 2008). For marinade recipes and more information about the antioxidant benefits of spices and herbs, visit www.spicesforhealth.com.
1 Smith JS, Ameri F, Gadgil P. Effect of marinades on the formation of heterocyclic amines in grilled beef steaks. Journal of Food Science. Published online ahead of print, July 2008. The study was supported by the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, USDA and by the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Contribution from the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station. To view the study abstract visit: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120775665/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
2 Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) of Selected Foods â€“ 2007, Nutrient Data Laboratory USDA, November 2007, www.ars.usda.gov/nutrientdata/ORAC.